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Distributed XQuery-based integration and visualization of multimodality data: Application to brain mapping.

Detwiler, Landon T and Suciu, Dan and Franklin, Joshua D and Moore, Eider B and Poliakov, Andrew W and Lee, E Sally and Corina, David P and Ojemann, George A and Brinkley, James F (2009) Distributed XQuery-based integration and visualization of multimodality data: Application to brain mapping. . Frontiers in Neuroinformatics.

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This paper addresses the need for relatively small groups of collaborating investigators to integrate distributed and heterogeneous data about the brain. Although various national efforts facilitate large-scale data sharing, these approaches are generally too “heavyweight” for individual or small groups of investigators, with the result that most data sharing among collaborators continues to be ad hoc. Our approach to this problem is to create a “lightweight” distributed query architecture, in which data sources are accessible via web services that accept arbitrary query languages but return XML results. A Distributed XQuery Processor (DXQP) accepts distributed XQueries in which subqueries are shipped to the remote data sources to be executed, with the resulting XML integrated by DXQP. A web-based application called DXBrain accesses DXQP, allowing a user to create, save and execute distributed XQueries, and to view the results in various formats including a 3-D brain visualization. Example results are presented using distributed brain mapping data sources obtained in studies of language organization in the brain, but any other XML source could be included. The advantage of this approach is that it is very easy to add and query a new source, the tradeoff being that the user needs to understand XQuery and the schemata of the underlying sources. For small numbers of known sources this burden is not onerous for a knowledgeable user, leading to the conclusion that the system helps to fill the gap between ad hoc local methods and large scale but complex national data sharing efforts.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Projects:Human Brain Project
Subjects:SIG Publications
ID Code:234
Deposited By:Franklin, Joshua Daniel
Deposited On:13 January 2009
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